Εὐθύφρων, Euthufrōn (Euthphr. 2a-16a)
- Thrasyllus: On Piety, Hurskaudesta (Περὶ ὁσίου, Peri hosiou)
- EUTHYPHRO. PLATONIS OPERA TOMUS Ι. RECOGNOVERUNT BREVIQUE ΑDΝΟΤΑTIΟΝΕ CRITICA INSTRUXERUNT Ε. Α. DUKE, W. F. HICKEN, S. Μ. NICOLL, D. Β. ROBINSON, C. G. STRACHAN. ΟΧΟΝΙΙ Ε TYPOGRAPHEO CLARENDONIANO, Oxford New York 1995.
- Plato: Complete Works. Edited by John M. Cooper. HACKETT PUBLISHING COMPANY. Indianapolis/Cambridge 1997.
- The Dialogues of Plato. Translated with Comment by R. E. Allen. Yale University Press New Haven and London 1984.
- Euthyfron. Platon. Teokset I. Suomentanut Marja Itkonen-Kaila. Otava, Keuruu 1977.
Scene: Socrates and Euthyphron on the Porch of the King Archon.
What is sacred/ holy (ὅσιος) ?
Socr: Tell me then, what do you say sacred/ piety/ holy (ὅσιος) is, and what profane/ impiety/ unholy (ἀνόσιος)?
Kerro siis mitä hurskaus ja profaani sinun mielestäsi on?
Euth: Then what is dear (προσφιλής) to the gods is holy (ὅσιος), and what is not dear to them is to them is unholy (ἀνόσιος)
The disagreement on just and unjust, beautiful and ugly, good and bad
Socr. Now, Euthyphro, we also said, did we not, that the gods quarrel (στασιάζω) and disagree with one another and that there is enmity (ἔχθρα) among them?
Socr. But what is the disagreement (διάφορος) which causes enmity (ἔχθρα) and anger
What differences (διαφέρω) are there which cannot be decided (κρίσις), and which can (δύναμαι) make us angry (ὀργίζω) and set us at enmity (ἐχθρός) with one another?
Is it not about just (δίκαιος) and unjust (ἄδικος), and beautiful (καλός) and ugly (αἰσχρός), and good (ἀγαθός) and bad (κακός)?
Are not these the things, we disagree (διαφέρω) and cannot reach a decision (κρίσις), so becoming enemies (ἐχθρός), when we become enemies — you, and I, and all other men?
The problem of holiness
Is the holy (ὅσιον) because it is holy loved (φιλεῖται) by the gods (Θεῶν), or is it holy because loved by the gods?
Rakastavatko jumalat hurskasta siksi että se on hurskasta, vai onko se hurskasta siksi että jumalat rakastavat sitä?
Then that what is loved (φιλεῖσθαι) [by the Gods] is not same as holy and holy is not same that is loved [by the Gods], but differ one from the other.