Parlamentarismus 1923

Carl Schmitt / 1890-1918 / 1919-1933 / 1933-1945 / 1945-1949 / 1949-1978

Die geistesgeschichtliche Lage des heutigen Parlamentarismus 1923


  • Die geistesgeschichtliche Lage des heutigen Parlamentarismus, Duncker & Humblot, München-Leipzig 1923.
  • The Crisis of Parliamentary Democracy. Ellen Kennedy, trans. MIT Press, 1988.
    • 1. Democracy and Parliamentarism
    • 2. The Principles of Parliamentarism
    • 3. Dictatorship in Marxist Thought
    • 4. Irrationalist Theories of the Direct Use of Force
  • Nykyisen parlamentarismin aatehistoriallinen asema. Ei suom.


“All democratic arguments rest logically on a series of identities.”

“The essence of the democratic principle is preserved, namely, the assertion of an identity between law and the people’s will….Everything depends on how the will of the people is formed.”

“It is essential that liberalism be understood as a consistent, comprehensive metaphysical system.”

“Freedom of speech, freedom of press, freedom of assembly, freedom of discussion, are not only useful and expedient, therefore, but really life-and-death questions for liberalism.”

mussolini“The world soul that Hegel saw riding by in Jena in 1806 was a soldier, not a Hegelian. It was the representative of the alliance between philosophy and the saber but only from the side of the saber.”

“All modern theories of direct action and the use of force rest more or less consciously on an irrationalist philosophy.”

“The national myth has until today always been victorious.”