John Rawls (1921 – 2002)

John Bordley Rawls (1921 – 2002)

Meaning of Sin and Faith 1942 (Thesis)

A Brief Inquiry into the Meaning of Sin and Faith. Cambridge, Massachusetts, Harvard University Press, 2010. With introduction and commentary by Thomas Nagel, Joshua Cohen and Robert Merrihew Adams.

Grounds of Ethical Knowledge 1950

  • “A Study in the Grounds of Ethical Knowledge: Considered with Reference to Judgments on the Moral Worth of Character.” Ph.D. Dissertation, Princeton University, 1950.

A Theory of Justice 1971

 A Theory of Justice. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1971. Revised (TJ) edition 1999.

The First Principle of Justice

“First: each person is to have an equal right to the most extensive basic liberty compatible with a similar liberty for others.”



The Second Principle of Justice

Social and economic inequalities are to be arranged so that

(a) they are to be of the greatest benefit to the least-advantaged members of society, consistent with the just savings principle. (the difference principle)

(b) offices and positions must be open to everyone under conditions of fair equality of opportunity

Political Liberalism 1993

Political Liberalism. The John Dewey Essays in Philosophy, 4. New York: Columbia University Press, 1993.

“Political Liberalism: Reply to Habermas.” Journal of Philosophy (March 1995), 92 (3):132–80.


The Law of Peoples 1993

“The Law of Peoples.” Critical Inquiry (Fall 1993), 20 (1): 36–68.

The Law of Peoples: with “The Idea of Public Reason Revisited”. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1999.

Collected Papers. 1999

Collected Papers. Cambridge. Edited by Samuel Freeman. Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1999.

Justice as Fairness 2001

Justice as Fairness: A Restatement. Cambridge. edited by Erin Kelly. Massachusetts: Belknap Press, 2001.

Lectures on the History of Moral Philosophy

  • Lectures on the History of Moral Philosophy. Edited by Barbara Herman. Cambridge, Massachusetts, Harvard University Press, 2000.
  • Lectures on the History of Political Philosophy. Edited by Samuel Freeman.Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 2007.