Φαῖδρος, Faidros 

Thrasyllus: On the Love, Rakkaudesta (Περὶ ἔρωτοςPeri erōtos)

  • Φαῖδρος. Plato. Platonis Opera, ed. John Burnet. Oxford University Press. 1903. (Phdr. 227a-279c)
  • Phædrus. Plato. Plato in Twelve Volumes, Vol. 9 translated by Harold N. Fowler. Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd. 1925.
  • Faidros. Platon: Teokset  III. Kustannusosakeyhtiö Otava, Helsinki 1973.

 

Setting: Outside the walls, bank of Ilissus 227a-230C

Socrates and Phædrus.

planetree2

By Hera, it is a charming resting place. For this plane tree is very spreading and lofty, and the tall and shady willow is very beautiful, and it is in full bloom, so as to make the place most fragrant; then, too, the spring is very pretty as it flows under the plane tree, and its water is very cool, to judge by my foot. And it seems to be a sacred place of some nymphs and of Achelous, judging by the figurines and statues. Then again, if you please, how lovely and perfectly charming the breeziness of the place is! and it resounds with the shrill summer music of the chorus of cicadas. But the most delightful thing of all is the grass, as it grows on the gentle slope, thick enough to be just right when you lay your head on it.

I. THE THREE SPEECHES ON LOVE  (231a – 257b)

PEDESTRY

Phædrus: Lysias’ speech (231a – 234c).

Criticism of Lysias’s speech (234-237b)

Socrates: Speech of Phaedrus (237b – 241d)

Interlude(241e – 243e).

 

Socrates’ Palinode: Speech of  Stesichorus, son of Euphemus of Himera (244a – 257b).

The greatest of good come to us through madness, sent as a gift of the gods

nνῦν δὲ τὰ μέγιστα τῶν ἀγαθῶν ἡμῖν γίγνεται διὰ μανίας, θείᾳ μέντοι δόσει διδομένης.

Three types of divine madness (244a – 245b).

The immortality of the soul (245c – 246a).

The myth of the soul: The movement of the soul (246a – 249d).

winged

The soul can be likened to union of powers of winged horses and a charioteer.

 ἐοικέτω δὴ συμφύτῳ δυνάμει ὑποπτέρου ζεύγους τε καὶ ἡνιόχου

Soul’s vision of true being. Its fall and incarnation (247c-248e)

Reincarnation and liberation. Philosopher’s privilege (248-249d)

Love and the Beautiful(Kalos)

Soul’s recollection of Ideal Beauty (249d — 250d).

Love as regrowing of the soul’s wings (250e-252c)

The types of lover (252e-253c)

Love and counter-love (253c-256e)

 

II. THE NATURE OF SPEECH (257c – 279c).

Speech-writings (257c – 258e).

The myth of the cicadas (259a – d).

Rhetoric and knowledge (259e – 261a).

Knowledge if resemblances and differences (261a-264e)

Dialectic method (262c – 266b).

Techniques of rhetoric (266c – 269c).

Philosophy and rhetoric (269c-272b)

The true method of rhetoric (272b-274b)

The superiority if the spoken word. Myth of the invention of writing. (274b-278b)

Messages to Lysias and Isocrates (278b – 279c).